The Beatles

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categorie: Engleza

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Joining on bass in January, Lennon's fellow student Stuart Sutcliffe
suggested changing the band name to "The Beetles" as a tribute to Buddy Holly and The Crickets, and they became "The Beatals" for the first few months of the year. After trying other names including "Johnny and the Moondogs", "Long John and The Beetles" and "The Silver Beatles", the band finally became "The Beatles" in Aug[...]
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Joining on bass in January, Lennon's fellow student Stuart Sutcliffe
suggested changing the band name to "The Beetles" as a tribute to Buddy Holly and The Crickets, and they became "The Beatals" for the first few months of the year. After trying other names including "Johnny and the Moondogs", "Long John and The Beetles" and "The Silver Beatles", the band finally became "The Beatles" in August.

The lack of a permanent drummer posed a problem when the group's unofficial manager, Allan Williams, arranged a resident band booking for them in Hamburg, Germany. Before theend of August they auditioned and hired drummer Pete Best, and the five-piece band left for
Hamburg four days later, contracted to fairground showman Bruno Koschmider for a 48-nightresidency. "Hamburg in those days did not have rock'n'roll music clubs. It had strip clubs",says biographer Philip Norman.

Bruno had the idea of bringing in rock groups to play in various clubs. They had thisformula. It was a huge nonstop show, hour after hour, with a lot of people lurching in and theother lot lurching out. And the bands would play all the time to catch the passing traffic. In an
American red-light district, they would call it nonstop striptease.
Many of the bands that played in Hamburg were from Liverpool...It was an accident.

Bruno went to London to look for bands. But he happened to meet a Liverpool entrepreneur inSoho, who was down in London by pure chance. And he arranged to send some bands over.Harrison, only seventeen in August 1960, obtained permission to stay in Hamburg by lying to
the German authorities about his age. Initially placing The Beatles at the Indra Club,Koschmider moved them to the Kaiserkeller in October after the Indra was closed down due tonoise complaints. When they violated their contract by performing at the rival Top Ten Club,
Koschmider reported the underage Harrison to the authorities, leading to his deportation inNovember.

McCartney and Best were arrested for arson a week later when they set fire to acondom hung on a nail in their room; they too were deported. Lennon returned to Liverpool inmid-December, while Sutcliffe remained in Hamburg with his new German fiancee, AstridKirchherr, for another month. Kirchherr took the first professional photos of the group and cut
Sutcliffe's hair in the German "exi" (existentialist) style of the time, a look later adopted by theother Beatles.
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