Jane Goodall was born on, 3rd April, 1934 in London, England. Her childhood ambition was to spend time with animals in the wild. In particular, she was drawn to the African continent and the dream of seeing wild animals in their native habitat. It was an unusual ambition for a girl at the time, but it was an ambition supported by her parents, especially her mother. After the war, Jane left school [...]DOWNLOAD REFERAT
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It was here in Kenya that Jane met the famous anthropologist and paleontologist, Dr. Louis S.B. Leakey. Leakey was impressed with Jane's enthusiasm and knowledge of Africa and wildlife. As a result, he decided to take Jane to Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania on a fossil-hunting expedition.In 1960, Leakey and Jane began an important study of wild chimpanzees by Lake Tanganyika in the Gombe Stream Chimpanzee reserve.
With great patience and perseverance, the chimpanzee's slowly revealed some fascinating habits to the group.
These included meat eating - (Chimpanzees had assumed to be vegetarian). Also, Jane saw Chimpanzees making a 'tool' out of tree bark to use when extracting termites. This was an important discovery because at the time, it was assumed only humans made tools. As Jane's companion, Louis Leakey said at the time:
"Now we must redefine tool, redefine Man, or accept chimpanzees as humans."
The study of chimpanzees in their native habit was a groundbreaking event, leading to many new observations. It let to Jane's first article published in National Geographic 1963 "My Life Among Wild Chimpanzees." Some aspects of the study were criticised, for example, Jane's decision to give the Chimpanzees names rather than numbers. Also, some feared her decision to feed the animals may have distorted their behaviour and made them more aggressive. But, other studies had similar effects. After her study, she was invited to participate in a phD program at Cambridge University - an unusual occurrence for someone without a degree. She earned a doctorate in ethology from Darwin College, the University of Cambridge, in 1964. « mai multe referate din Engleza