Pasivul

3x puncte

categorie: Engleza

nota: 9.75

nivel: Liceu

Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director.
In limba engleza, exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct, complementul indirect si, in unele cazuri, complementul prepozitional.
Ex. Activ: I gave him a book.
Unde complementul direct este a book, iar complementul indirect este him. Ambele compleme[...]
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Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director.
In limba engleza, exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct, complementul indirect si, in unele cazuri, complementul prepozitional.
Ex. Activ: I gave him a book.
Unde complementul direct este a book, iar complementul indirect este him. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. Desigur, subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ.

Complement direct iaá Subiect
A book was given to him. (by me)
Complement indirect iaá Subiect
He was given a book. (by me)
In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality, punctuality este un complement prepozitional, care, de asemenea, poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them).

Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect.
Activ: She looked after the child.
Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her).
In multe cazuri, pasivul se foloseste atunci cand nu este important cine face actiunea. In aceste situatii, se omite formularea by, de la sfarsitul propozitiei.

Ex. In this office punctuality is insisted on.
4. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva:
1. Has someone repaired the TV set?
2. Will you write the letter in ink?
3. Haven't they told you to be here at 6 o'clock?
4. Did the tornado frighten you?

5. Will someone tell him the details?
6. Have you fed the dog?
7. Did the sight of the accident shock him?
8. Did they tell you about the meeting?
9. Do you think they will turn down your request?
10. Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn't interrupted you?
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