Modul conditional si frazele conditionale

3x puncte

categorie: Engleza

nota: 9.75

nivel: Facultate

Tipul 3
Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara
Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect
I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine.
(As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna.)
I would have stayed at home if it had rained.
(As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat.)
Nota 2: - if poate [...]
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Preview referat: Modul conditional si frazele conditionale

Tipul 3
Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara
Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect
I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine.
(As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna.)
I would have stayed at home if it had rained.
(As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat.)
Nota 2: - if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that), providing, supposing, suppose, in case.

What shall we do, supposing he is late?
(Ce vom face presupunand ca el intarzie?)
o if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless
I won't go shopping unless you come with me.
I won't go shopping if you don't come with me.
Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1, in loc de Present Simple, atunci cand actiunea din secundara este posibila, dar improbabila. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. In acest caz, should se traduce cu: in caz ca, daca s-ar intampla ca.

Ex. If she should ring up, tell her I am out.
In caz ca telefoneaza, spune-I ca nu sunt acasa.
De asemenea, should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala.
Ex. If the police should find out the truth, we would be fined.
(In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intampla ca politia sa afle adevarul, noi am fi amendati.)

Nota 4: Atunci cand if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. were, had, should), este posibila omiterea lui if, si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect - auxiliar.
Ex. - if he were here - were he here
- if it had rained - had it rained
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