Le Corbusier and ex-urban Wright
When Le Corbusier built the Villa Savoye in 1929 he did so with a set of ideas and design principles that had been exhibited in other structures such as Villa Meyer and the villa at Garches. These houses can be described as "abstract cubes of space in which various geometric elements are freely disposed in as in a Purist painting." (Jencks, Charles: Le Corbusier and the Tragic View of Architectur[...]DOWNLOAD REFERAT
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"(1) the pilotis, or columns, elevating the mass off the ground, (2) the free plan, achieved through the separation of the load-bearing columns from the walls subdividing the space, (3) the free facade, the corollary of the free plane in the vertical plane, (4) the long horizontal sliding window or fenetre en longeur, and finally (5) the roof garden, restoring supposedly, the area of the ground covered by the house." (Frampton, Kenneth:
Modern Architecture: A Critical History; pp 157) The Villa Savoye reinforces Le Corbusier's ideas of simple forms and unadorned surfaces giving it the appearance of apparent classical influence. "The plan of the Villa Savoye is nearly square, one of the ideal shapes which the architect so admired, and part of the richness of the building comes from the dynamics of curved forms within a stable perimeter." (Curtis, William J.R.: Modern Architecture Since 1900; pp278) The house looks like a large, horizontal rectangle set atop pilotis.
The curved front wall of the ground floor is made of vertically set, glazed panels, which, along with the pilotis, cause the house to seemingly float above the ground. The space below the house functions to allow a car to drop its passengers directly in front of the door. Although one enters on a central axis, Le Corbusier's ideas of asymmetry ring loud throughout the interior and the exterior of the house. To reach the floors above Le Corbusier uses a gradually sloping ramp that passes between the grid of pilotis.
With the ramp as the spine of the idea, Le Corbusier gives the impression that the spaces above are growing larger as one ascends. Le Corbusier creates these large open spaces with his ideas of the free plan. The free plan idea allows for the load-bearing columns to be separate from the walls allowing large open spaces free of restrictions of load-bearing walls. With the columns separate from the walls Le Corbusier expressed his ideas of free facade. « mai multe referate din Diverse