Jerome David Salinger - The catcher in the rye

7x puncte

categorie: Engleza

nota: 10.00

nivel: Liceu

Salinger is widely seen as a keen students of children. In 1951 he published The Catcher in the Rye - a touching psychological study of adolescence, in which he views the American way of life through the eyes of a teen-age nonconformist, Holden Caulfield, a twentieth century rival of Twain's Huck Finn. Holden is a person whose defining quality is his inability to behave according to the strict mor[...]
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Preview referat: Jerome David Salinger - The catcher in the rye

Salinger is widely seen as a keen students of children. In 1951 he published The Catcher in the Rye - a touching psychological study of adolescence, in which he views the American way of life through the eyes of a teen-age nonconformist, Holden Caulfield, a twentieth century rival of Twain's Huck Finn. Holden is a person whose defining quality is his inability to behave according to the strict morals and social code of the day. Salinger's sensitive and defiant school boy defies conventions and remains innocent about them.

Holden images himself protecting a group of children happily playing in a rye field, from falling into a nearby precipice: "keep picturing these little kids, playing some game in this big field of rye....Thousands of little kids, and nobody around - nobody big, I mean except me. And I am standing on the edge of some crazy cliff. What I have to do? I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff. I mean - if they are running and they don't look where they are going. I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. That's all I do all day. I'd just be the catcher in the rye and all."

Facing hypocrisy, Holden dreams of innocent childhood, of a never-ending game. The symbol is obvious- Holden will be the one who catches children not to fall into the precipice of adulthood, preserving their pure and innocent state.
The excerpt from the book (chapter 9) concentrates on the idea of Holden's obsessive retreat into a fantasy world symbolized here by his genuine concern for the fate of the ducks in Central Park. It illustrates Holden's loneliness and alienation from the "phony society" full of taboos, norms and convention which are but a front for its lack of purpose, hypocrisy and prejudices.

Salinger observes in his hero the so-called "phenomenon of immaturity", the desire not to grow up of the post-war young American generation. Holden is rejected by society (dominant theme of the novel is the helplessness of the adolescent - half child, half adult - in an adult society). But since society doesn't give "a damn" about him, he doesn't give "a damn" about it either. He creates a world of his own, emphasizing his higher sensitivity and thirst for purity. His rejection is complete when he cannot communicate with the cab driver, who, all the other grown-ups in his life, is a "corny wise guy". When he tries to find out from the driver where the ducks on the lagoon near Central Park South go in winter, the driver thinks he wants to "kid" him.
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