Incidenta si terapia in sindromul diareic cu etiologie parazitara la caini si pisici

3x puncte

categorie: Medicina

nota: 9.49

nivel: Facultate

The laboratory investigations were conducted by direct examination of the coprologic samples, using warm saline to detect Giardia trophosoits. We also used Willis and Mc. Master ovohelminthoscopic flotation techniques. The incidence of endoparasite infestations was determined by age category.

Treatment of Isospora infestations was done with Ultrasol, 20 – 30 mg /kg, IM, fo[...]
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The laboratory investigations were conducted by direct examination of the coprologic samples, using warm saline to detect Giardia trophosoits. We also used Willis and Mc. Master ovohelminthoscopic flotation techniques. The incidence of endoparasite infestations was determined by age category.

Treatment of Isospora infestations was done with Ultrasol, 20 – 30 mg /kg, IM, for 3 consecutive days. Giardia infestations were treated with Flagyl, 30 – 40 mg/kg. per os, for 6 days. Toxocarosis and ancylostomosis were treated with Drontal plus, Cestal plus or Pratel, per os, in usual doses.Trichocephalus vulpis infestations were treated with Triantelm or Paratak, per os, in usual doses.Results and discussions

The coproscopic revealed infestations with protozoa and nematodes correlated with pet’s age. Table 1 displays the incidence of Isospora sp., infestations showing 76 positive cases (49.6 %) in the examined dogs, 100 % in the puppies. Only 7 positive cases (30.4 %) were detected in cats, all in the young felines.


Jacob H.T. et al. (6) surveyed in 2007 the prevalence of gastrointestinal infections with nematodes in dogs, determined by coprologic examination and necropsy. The incidence of Toxocara canis infestation was 21.0%, of Ancylostoma caninum infestation was 32.0% and of Trichocephalus vulpis was 3.0%.

Papazahariadon M et al. (10) diagnosed a 12.8% prevalence of Toxocara canis infestation, 19.6% for Trichocephalus vulpis, 2.8% for Ancylostoma caninum and 0/7% for Toxascaris leonine.

El. Memjakie S. M et al. (2) conducted investigations on the importance of the Toxocara species to the public health. The authors mention the zoonotic character of Toxocara infestations in the carnivore pets and its implication to the health state of the children. The incidence of Toxocara infestations was 14.6% of the dogs and 5.2% in cats. The presence of adult ascarids was observed in 18.7% of the slaughtered dogs and in 7.4% of the cats.

The authors verified the destructive effect of 4 chemical disinfectants on Toxocara eggs and noticed that 5% ammonia is the most efficient, followed by the phenolic acid, formaldehyde and betadine solution.
Of the 153 examined dogs, 28 (18.3%) showed infestation with Ancylostoma caninum, of which 15 (53.5%) were puppies and 13 (46.4%) were adult dogs. The incidence was 8.6% in cats, all in kittens.
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