How to represent Victorian worlds in literature

3x puncte

categorie: Engleza

nota: 9.49

nivel: Facultate

Yet, from a more complex perspective, industrialization represents the engine of the capitalist society and the premise of a long series of social, cultural, economic and psychological transformations of the human community. We shall take these transformations step by step:

I.The historical effect of industrialization. The traditional English society can be imagined in the form of a[...]
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Yet, from a more complex perspective, industrialization represents the engine of the capitalist society and the premise of a long series of social, cultural, economic and psychological transformations of the human community. We shall take these transformations step by step:

I.The historical effect of industrialization. The traditional English society can be imagined in the form of a pyramid which concentrates its absolute power at the top in the symbolic persona of the king or the queen. The dominant class within this pyramid is aristocracy. At this upper level of the system authority is inherited and not conquered by personal merits.

The king represents God on earth (from the teaching of the Old Testament where we learn that God approves at one point on the suggestion that people should be led by kings and no longer by judges and priests) and his unnatural, violent elimination from the top may push the whole pyramid into chaos (examples of such situations appear in different Shakesperean tragedies, where kings are killed and substituted by impostors; this happens in Hamlet and Macbeth, where Claudius and Macbeth replace violently their monarchs and eventually bring disaster into the social and political order of their countries.) Obviously, England offers, during these traditional centuries (and especially during the Elizabethan period), the image of the classical Europe.

Once industrialization begins, however, the above described image alters. The explanation is one only. Industrialization brings competition among the rules of socio – economic organization of the system. Authority is no more inherited by birth, but conquered through personal merits.

It is in this way that traditionally lower classes develop by means of their work and their development brings about the reshaping of the classical pyramid. The pyramid is transformed into a circle where margins can have access to the center, provided they are good enough to get there (the center is no longer denied to them). This may be considered a historical revolution.
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