In a Doll's House, Ibsen lets you know from the title that Nora is a doll, not a person living in a house. Nora, the main character, has gone from living under her father's rule to living under her husband's. She has never had any responsibilities or made any choices. Ibsen uses the need for Torvald to re-teach Nora the tarantula dance to show that he views her as a puppet. She dances as a dol[...]DOWNLOAD REFERAT
Preview referat: Henrik Ibsen
Ibsen also uses animal imagery as a way to degrade Nora. He calls her names ranging from squirrel and song-bird, to a little lark. His use of which animal is dependent on how he's feeling at the time. Most of the animal imagery refers to happy peaceful animals. Torvald sees Nora as being a happy, carefree housewife. He is not aware of her discontentment. Nora has spent so much time in a doll's world she is not aware of the penalties that the outside world has for her illegal behavior. Slowly, Ibsen allows Nora's character to discontinue the role of the doll and seek out individuality.
Two sides of Nora have conflicting problems, although she is wealthy, she likes to find sales and buy cheap clothing. Although she is confronted with the realities of the world, she still hopes that her husband will protect her. This shows that her character has a complete lack of individuality. By the end of the play, Nora sees herself as being ignorant and an unfit mother. She realizes that in order to be a suitable mother she has to do more than dress and play with children. Nora states that she "has a sacred duty to herself and foremost not as a wife and mother, but an individual, just as much as a man is."
In view of Totvald's thoughts about Nora leaving the children, she feels that she must be a human being to pass good qualities onto the children. Nora says to Torvald, "Our house has been nothing but a playroom, I was Papa's doll and here the children have been my dolls. . . I must stand quite alone if I am to understand myself and everything about me. It is for that reason that I cannot remain with you any longer." At this point, Ibsen turns the play around.
The "pitifull little skylark" stood up for herself over her husband's domination. Ibsen's viewpoint that it is a woman's responsibility to teach her children the correct social norms convinces Nora that her motherhood is a potential disaster. She would be allowing herself to pass on to her children the same social diseases which she herself carries. Ibsen feels that a woman needs to be able to express herself freely in order to form a justified identity. « mai multe referate din Engleza