Gramatica generativa

5x puncte

categorie: Engleza

nota: 9.76

nivel: Facultate

Is language independent of cognition? Language impairments such as Broca's aphasia and Specific Language Impairment (SLI): language is impaired, cognition seems more or less intact.SLI is hereditary. Those affected make frequent grammatical errors, and cannot master complex syntax.Broca's aphasia is caused by strokes or wounds that damage the lower part of the frontal lobe of the left hemisphere. [...]
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Is language independent of cognition? Language impairments such as Broca's aphasia and Specific Language Impairment (SLI): language is impaired, cognition seems more or less intact.SLI is hereditary. Those affected make frequent grammatical errors, and cannot master complex syntax.Broca's aphasia is caused by strokes or wounds that damage the lower part of the frontal lobe of the left hemisphere. Its symptoms show lack of grammar (no use of functional categories: plurals, agreement, tense, aspectual affixes, auxiliaries, etc.)

Course 1 Page 3 Williams syndrome is a rare form of retardation: the cognitive functions are not well developed. But their language abilities are intact. Cognitive impairment may not affect language abilities.Language impairment may not affect cognitive abilities.
8. Discussion on language and thought.Can you control thought if you control speech? Banning the use of offensive language and political correctness.If we think in words, then how is translation possible?
Do other species lack cognition because they lack articulated language? Can we assume they are unconscious?

We often assume that people who do not express themselves well are stupid. Is that correct?9. Is there a language gene? In 2002 a sensational piece of news was reported by popular press: FOXP2, the first language gene, had been discovered. The scientists confirmed that any "mistake" in its code severely impairs speech. As the gene seems to have last mutated 200,000 years ago, which corresponds with the time frame when modern humans evolved, the discovery confirmed the hypothesis that language could have been the decisive event that made human culture possible. In other words, what made our species so successful was intense social cooperation based on a very complex and expressive system of communication.
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