El nino

3x puncte

categorie: Geografie

nota: 9.89

nivel: Liceu

. The banner read "STOP OZONE KILLERS", listing the major contributors to ozone depletion - countries and companies. In front of it were about 20 activists, wearing sunglasses and UV-B radiation protection suits, representing the many thousands of skin cancer victims predicted to occur as a consequence of ozone depletion. Throughout the Northern spring, more than 10% of ozone depletion was recorde[...]
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. The banner read "STOP OZONE KILLERS", listing the major contributors to ozone depletion - countries and companies. In front of it were about 20 activists, wearing sunglasses and UV-B radiation protection suits, representing the many thousands of skin cancer victims predicted to occur as a consequence of ozone depletion. Throughout the Northern spring, more than 10% of ozone depletion was recorded over populated areas. According to UNEP scientists, a 10% sustained ozone depletion leads to 250,000 more cases of skin cancer a year.

"Ten years ago the Vienna Convention was agreed. There is absolutely no cause for celebration today. Right now the Montreal Protocol seems set to slide backwards, in the face of worsening ozone depletion.
The USA [1] especially is collaborating with industry to weaken the Montreal Protocol, and only the Environment Ministers meeting this week can put it right," said Sean Clark of Greenpeace USA. Last week the government officials' preparatory meeting on the Montreal Protocol ended in deadlock.

This was largely a result of the Clinton Administration's assault on the Protocol, where the US wants to cut funds to assist developing countries phase out of CFCs. Ironically, this deadlock is highlighted on the day that UNEP will reward the head of the US delegation, Eileen Clausen, for her role at the 1990 London Montreal Protocol meeting where she helped set up the funding mechanism - the multilateral fund.
The USA is forming its own "club" around the key issues to be decided this week -- with all members driven by their chemical industries.

The club is USA, FRANCE, JAPAN, INDIA, KENYA, all driven by industry profits rather than out of a concern for the ozone layer. Greenpeace noted one key subject strangely absent from the past week's negotiations -- ozone depletion. Yet last week the World Meterological Organisation reported that ozone loss at the end of November over Antarctica "continues making the 'ozone hole' phenomenon of 1995 the longest lasting on record [2]." "This meeting should not be about money. Last week was about industry protection. This week had better be about ozone protection. We need a strong ozone layer to protect us from the sun's radiation.
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