Contrasts of North and South
In the North, people were concerned about the secession movement. When Lincoln gave his inaugural address, he addressed the Northern concerns. "It follows from these views that no state upon its own mere motion can lawfully get out of the Union: that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void, and that acts of violence within any State or States against the authority of the Un[...]DOWNLOAD REFERAT
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Lincoln said that the South was the minority and the minority could not make the rules that would affect the majority. "The rule of a minority, as a permanent arrangement, is wholly inadmissible; so that, rejecting the majority principle, anarchy or despotism in some form is all that is left...." Lincoln also warned of the consequences of secession and how it would affect the seceding parties. "If a minority in such case will secede rather than acquiesce, they make a precedent which in turn will divide and ruin them, for a minority of their own will secede from them whenever a majority refuses to be controlled by such minority...."
George Templeton tells in his account, "The Outbreak of War Galvanizes New York City," about the common peoples reactions to the secessionist movement after the Fort Sumter incident. "The Northern backbone is much stiffened already. Many who stood up for 'Southern rights' and complained of wrongs done the South has fired the first gun, they are ready to go all lengths in supporting the government...." "From all I can learn, the effect of this on Democrats, heretofore Southern and quasi-treasonable in their talk, has fully justified the sacrifice.
I hear of [prominent conservative Democrats] denouncing rebellion and declaring themselves ready to go all lengths in upholding government. If this class of men has been secured and converted to loyalty, the gain to the country is worth ten Sumters...." It seems that the South surrendered all credibility and by attacking did unify the Union. "We are living a month of common life every day...the attitude of New York and the whole! « mai multe referate din Engleza