Colonization

3x puncte

categorie: Istorie

nota: 9.61

nivel: Liceu

The degree of success in colonizing the Americas would be measured by this fact. As long as a country could quickly populate its colonies and establish a self-sufficient economy, it would be ahead in the race to colonize the New World. Although the new riches and the Northwest Passage were still sought after, they weren't the final motivations for colonization any longer. Each country also had [...]
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The degree of success in colonizing the Americas would be measured by this fact. As long as a country could quickly populate its colonies and establish a self-sufficient economy, it would be ahead in the race to colonize the New World. Although the new riches and the Northwest Passage were still sought after, they weren't the final motivations for colonization any longer. Each country also had their individual set of objectives for exploring the Americas. Spain, along with its quest for riches became determined to convert the "heathens" to Catholicism.

The French and the Dutch stuck to the primary objectives of new riches and the discovery of the Northwest Passage. England, spurred by growing national rivalries with France and especially Spain, explored the New World for the purpose of harassing the Spanish and also in the hopes that it would not get left behind in the exploration race. Spain became the only country whose original intentions for exploring the New World translated into its final motivation for colonization.

The Spanish rigorously tried to convert the Indians and continued their search for silver and gold. England's initial quest for national superiority over Spain was added to its numerous motives for colonization, while France and Holland digressed the most from their initial intentions by setting up lucrative fur trading scenarios with the local natives in the frontiers of their colonies.

Prior to England's victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588, English exploration had been limited by religious and political turmoil. There were only two notable English explorers during this period: the Italian John Cabot who was sponsored by the king of England to search for the Northwest Passage in 1497, and Sir Francis Drake who at the approval of Queen Elizabeth I, raided Spanish settlements and boats in the New World while circumnavigating the globe. Newly Protestant England's motives for exploration were fueled by a sudden newfound rivalry between the Catholic nations of France and Spain. This sense of national pride and rivalry translated well to England's final motivations for colonization.
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