Analysis of farmers reaction to policy of promoting organic farma in Romania using Probit model

5x puncte

categorie: Biologie

nota: 9.88

nivel: Facultate

This structure of the economical activity and of the employment together with connecting elements, like the education level, elasticity in professional reorientation, the quality of the infrastructure, the investments level and the business opportunities, are holding the Romanian economy far from a European compatible level.
From the 23,8 million hectares of total area, the agricultural ar[...]
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This structure of the economical activity and of the employment together with connecting elements, like the education level, elasticity in professional reorientation, the quality of the infrastructure, the investments level and the business opportunities, are holding the Romanian economy far from a European compatible level.
From the 23,8 million hectares of total area, the agricultural area amounts 14,8 million hectares, respectively 62,1% of total. We should mention that the EU 15 average is 40,6%, and together with the candidate countries the average will increase up to 44% for EU 27.

The forest covered area approaches one third from the national territory of Romania (28,5%). The arable area, almost 2/3 of the total agricultural area (63,4%), is corresponding to Oe of the total candidate countries. Fruit-growing farms account for five percent of the farms and mixed farms for four percent. In the Romania two types of organic agriculture can be distinguished: biodynamic and ecological farming. The history of organic agriculture starts in 1926 with the first biodynamic farm in Zealand, Loverendale.

Increasing consumer concern about food safety and environmental pollution by intensive crop and livestock production has promoted the development of sustainable food production practices in the past decades. Organic production serves food safety and environmental objectives, as it rules out the use of fertilizers and other chemicals such as it rules out the use of fertilizers and other chemicals such as pesticides and herbicides. Consumer surveys suggest that the demand for organically produced food is strong and that a substantial share of consumers is willing to pay a price premium for organically grown food.

However, expectation about demand for organically produced food, based on consumer concerns has not resulted in strong consumer responses or large expansions of the market for organically produced food (Thomson and Kidwell, 1998). The main issues that the Romanian economy is facing today are not represented by a high ratio of the agriculture in the national economy, but an extremely low level of the profitability in agriculture, the lack of a coherent legislation framework which can establish the status of the agricultural households and the status of the farmer, defining a transitory agricultural policy which will allow the achievement of the specific objectives in transition to the Common Agricultural Policy. By promoting and transition to organic farm can be a possibility to protect the biodiversity and give the chance to refresh the agriculture.
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