Types and dimensions of meaning

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categorie: Engleza

nota: 9.90

nivel: Facultate

Associative meaning is the meaning which becomes attached to a word because of its use but which is not part of its core sense. The principal types of associative meaning are connotation, collocation, stylistic meaning, and reflected meaning.
Connotation is the variable, subjective, often emotive part of the meaning of an expression. Connotations are relatively unstable, i.e. they vary cons[...]
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Associative meaning is the meaning which becomes attached to a word because of its use but which is not part of its core sense. The principal types of associative meaning are connotation, collocation, stylistic meaning, and reflected meaning.
Connotation is the variable, subjective, often emotive part of the meaning of an expression. Connotations are relatively unstable, i.e. they vary considerably according to culture, historical period and the experience of the individual.

For example, the connotative meaning of woman embraces the putative properties of the referent according to the viewpoint adopted by an individual (e.g. a feminist or misogynist) or a group of people and varies from age to age or from society to society.
Collocation is the habitual co-occurrence of particular lexical items, sometimes purely formally (e.g. eke out), sometimes with some semantic implication (e.g. slim chance). Collocative meaning is the type of meaning that consists of the associations a word acquires on account of the meanings of words which tend to occur in its environment. For example, strong has a completely different meaning in strong coffee than it does in strong language where it is usually a euphemism for swearing.

Stylistic meaning is the type of meaning linked to the idea of register. For instance, the following words have much the same conceptual sense but differ in associations because they belong to separate styles of English: domicile (official, technical), residence (formal), abode (archaic, poetic), home (general), digs (colloquial), gaff (slang).Reflected meaning is that type of meaning which arises in cases of multiple conceptual meaning, when one sense of a word forms part of our response to another sense. We sometimes find that when we use a word with a particular sense, one or more of its senses is reflected in it.
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