The influence of borrowings on the development of a language

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categorie: Engleza

nota: 9.54

nivel: Liceu

. Language borrowing is normally induced by external factors such as political, socio-economic and cultural exchange, military conquest and colonization. The most common way that languages influence each other is the exchange of words. Munch is made about the contemporary borrowing of English words into other languages. Some languages have borrowed so much that they have become scarcely recognizab[...]
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. Language borrowing is normally induced by external factors such as political, socio-economic and cultural exchange, military conquest and colonization. The most common way that languages influence each other is the exchange of words. Munch is made about the contemporary borrowing of English words into other languages. Some languages have borrowed so much that they have become scarcely recognizable.

For example Armenian borrowed so many words from Iranian language, that it was at first considered a branch of the Indo -Iranian languages, and was not recognized as an independent branch of the Indo- European languages for many decades. Other things is that along the paths of resettlement and migration, contact with other language groups often takes place and can influence borrow from each other. For example, in the seventeenth century, American English was influenced by Native American languages .

The influence is reflected in the lexical items from various Native American languages which have made their way into general American English, such as moccasin, raccoon and chipmunk. In the eighteenth century, American English was influenced by French, which gave the language such words as bureau, depot and prairie. German gave American English the words like delicatessen, kindergarten, and hamburger, while early Spanish contact gave it canyon, rodeo and patio.

Actually, the history of English can be called a history of language borrowing because English has already borrowed up to500 thousand words from other languages, including 1488 Chinese borrowings. Language borrowing not only enrich the vocabulary stock of the borrowing language and makes up for its lexical gap, but also helps people of different nations to understand better each other, especially about their cultures.
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