The Renaissance era and it's artists

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categorie: Istorie

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nivel: Liceu

The Renaissance was a great cultural movement or "rebirth" that began in Italy during the 14th century. It spread from Italy, it's "root", to France, Germany, England and Spain. One may ask what were they being reborn from. A reason most of the European countries were "dead" was because of the "Black Death", a disease that spread throughout the land, which left many without hope or ambition (Re[...]
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The Renaissance was a great cultural movement or "rebirth" that began in Italy during the 14th century. It spread from Italy, it's "root", to France, Germany, England and Spain. One may ask what were they being reborn from. A reason most of the European countries were "dead" was because of the "Black Death", a disease that spread throughout the land, which left many without hope or ambition (Renaissance 232). Another reason for the rise of painting and the arts was because they wanted to recapture that spirit of the Greek and Roman cultures in the own artistic, literary, and philosophic works or art.

One god used most often was Venus, the goddess of love and fertility. Venus is the mother of Cupid, the little god of love (Becket 95).
The Renaissance era brought many new techniques to the art world. One of the most important was Perspective. The art of perspective is the representation of solid objects and three-dimensional space according to your optical perception. The laws of perspective are based upon converging lines meeting at a single fixed vanishing point. It also states that objects appear smaller as they recede into the distance. Figure one shows how converging lines create a three-dimensional object (Becket 88-89).

The second most noted discovery during this period was the human figure. Medieval artists painted figures that looked stiff and unrealistic. Which often-served symbolic religious purposes but they had no life to them. Artists all throughout the land started drawing portraits and figures that were nude. What once would have been frowned upon, now was respected and highly thought of as beauty (Renaissance 233). Another technique made was Fresco painting. Fresco painting is when damp plaster is used instead of a canvas. Many of the most famous paintings ever done were frescos, though now in the 21st century many of them are in great need of repair.
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