But English became so important only in the 17 century with the first settlements outside Europe which in two countries of development, made up the biggest e[...]
Preview referat: The Commonwealth
But English became so important only in the 17 century with the first settlements outside Europe which in two countries of development, made up the biggest empire in human history.
The English language is of germanic origin, thus belonging to the big groups of langages called indoeuropean.
Old English had many inflections to show various grammar forms(e.g.singular, plural, tense, person). The pronunciation was diffrent as well. But over centuries , words have been simplified and nowadays they have very few inflections. Pronunciation and spelling became more difficult. Many words can be used as different parts of speech(e.g.kiss, smile, drink, etc).
Grammar has been simplified, pronnunciation and spelling became difficult.
English borrowed words from many other languages( French, Spanish, even Czech (robot)). But it is obvious that other languages are influenced by the English vocabulary.
Today there are 5 main types of English which differ in pronnunciation, spelling and vocabulary but the differences are not so crucial and thus they don't block understanding.
From England, the English moved into Wales , Scotland and Ireland in the Middle Ages. These contries tried to resist the power of their strong neighbour. But little by little , they lost their independence: Henry VIII , the son of Henry VII (of Welsh origin) united Wales with England in 1536, bringing it within the English legal and parliamentary systems.Scotland was amalgamated with her southern neighbour as a result of the Union of the Crown in 1603 and of the parliaments in 1707. « mai multe referate din Engleza