Brazil and Italy business environments

5x puncte

categorie: Economie

nota: 10.00

nivel: Liceu

Industry is the largest component of GDP. It accounted for 34% of GDP and 23% of the labor force in 1994. This area has had an average GDP increase of only 0.7% during the period between 1980 to 1993. Agriculture which includes hunting, fishing, and forestry contributed 13.1% of GDP while employing 22% of the workforce. The major crops are soy beans, coffee, and sugar cane. The average agricu[...]
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Industry is the largest component of GDP. It accounted for 34% of GDP and 23% of the labor force in 1994. This area has had an average GDP increase of only 0.7% during the period between 1980 to 1993. Agriculture which includes hunting, fishing, and forestry contributed 13.1% of GDP while employing 22% of the workforce. The major crops are soy beans, coffee, and sugar cane. The average agriculture GDP increase was 2.5% between 1980 and 1993. The third largest segment of GDP is manufacturing which accounted for 15.2% of the workforce and 21% of the total GDP. Mining only contributed 1.1% of the GDP. (Europa 638)

One major problem for the Brazilian economy is the absence of educated skilled labor. There is an abundance of semiskilled and unskilled labor in the country who are the majority in the workforce of 62 million people. Only 16% of those aged 15 to 17 were in school learning those valuable skills needed to excel in the workplace. Of those aged 7 to 14 thirteen percent were not enrolled in any form of educational activities. The adult illiteracy rate was 17.2% in 1995. (Europa 638) This is a major problem because the workers will be unable to properly communicate and understand management objectives and decisions.

Under the current constitution, which was instated in 1988, there are three branches of government: Executive, legislature, and judicial. The president is elected to a four year term by direct balloting. It is compulsory for those aged 18 and older to vote and those aged 16 or 17 may choose to cast a ballot. The legislative branch contains two chambers the Senate and House of Representatives. The judicial system is headed by the Supreme Court and consists of various local, county, and state courts.

Democracy has recently returned to Brazil in 1985 after twenty years of military rule.(PW 3) The current President is Fernando Henrique Cordoso who will leave office in 1998 when a new official is elected. There are approximately twenty political parties in Brazil. (Lomheim)
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